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What Is Black Mold

The question that home and business owners often find themselves faced with is “what is black mold?” At this point, it is likely that mold is present, and a solution is needed. Black mold grows in areas of the home or business that lack ventilation, and that retain moisture. There are a few types of mold that will grow in these conditions, and it is hard to distinguish between them without formal testing by a certified mold remediation specialist. One of the fungi that is considered a serious health threat to people and pets is black mold. It can cause a host of problems for anyone who encounters it, but it poses a particular threat to infants, the elderly, and anyone with respiratory issues. It is advisable to retain the services of a specialist in mold removal, preferably one that is IIICRC-certified.

If Mold is Present

Not every mold type is harmful, but it is still strongly recommended to rid the home or office of any mold encountered. Contact an IIICR-approved firm who specializes in determining what is black mold and the proper steps for its full removal. This is not an undertaking that the average person should consider. It takes a good deal of training and schooling to be equipped to identify and successfully remove the fungus in a safe and efficient manner. Even the most capable do-it-yourselfer should leave mold removal in the hands of a professional.

What Causes Black Mold?

Moisture is the predominant starting point for mold growth. Below are some of the reasons that moisture collects in a home or office.

Roof and Pipe Leaks - A roof leak or a leaking pipe might go undetected for weeks, creating the perfect environment for mold growth.

Condensation - Condensation collects on cold pipes and concrete, on walls, and even under a carpet.

Poor Ventilation - A poorly ventilated home or office is subject to moist air, which is a hotbed for mold. Steam and water create humidity in the home, causing dampness on walls and other surfaces.

By the time these problems are discovered, mold has an opportunity to grow. It is a good idea to inspect the home on a regular basis for moisture build-up, especially in attics and basements.

What Steps Does a Mold Remediation Specialist Take to Remove Mold?

The first part of the question of what is black mold has been answered, and the next step is getting rid of it by identifying the source of the problem. Hopefully the harmful fungi is centralized, but it may have spread to other rooms. If this is the case, then the moisture where the additional mold growth is found must be removed. Without moisture mold will not survive. Next, the contaminated area must be sealed. A specialist uses plastic sheeting to isolate and contain the affected area. It is vital that family and pets stay out of the affected areas, as only remediation personnel should be allowed in the sealed areas. IICRC-approved remediation specialists have training in safety measures for dealing with harmful fungi. Finally, the removal process begins. The mold is thoroughly removed with special cleansing agents and then a disinfectant is applied to the affected area to prevent the mold from returning. Additionally, any structural damage caused by the mold should be repaired or replaced.

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