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How To Prepare For A Successful Smoke Damage Restoration

The cleaning education offered by the institute around the world covers a series of topics, including smoke damage restoration. Smoke is not the only way that a fire ruins a building; burns, ash, and the subsequent soaking of the area when water is used to douse the flame can wreak indoor havoc. Professionals are taught to know what items are salvageable and how properly perform remediation.

A hands-on education is required in order to have the full knowledge of how to return textiles to their previous condition, neutralize the odors, control corrosion and perform other repairs. A technician who tackles a smoke damage restoration should have proof of insurance and licenses, as well as the appropriate health and safety certifications. Their formal specialized training should be up to date, and their history should include previous experience with projects of this type. The IICRC offers courses that inform technicians of which cleaning techniques to use with different fabrics and which approaches are most effective depending on the type of damage. The training teaches technicians to handle more than just carpets, as hard surfaces, upholstery and more will be taught.      

One of the most important elements that determines the success of a smoke damage restoration is the speed with which the situation is handled. The longer the aftermath of a fire is left to sit, the less likely the chance of reversing the damage. It only takes minutes for soot to make plastics yellow, and cause porous surfaces to discolor. In the span of a few hours, bathroom grouts and the finishes on furniture and appliances will also discolor. Within days, most fabrics, including clothing and upholstery, become stained, possibly permanently, while wood and vinyl begin to require refinishing. Metals corrode, while glass and crystal become pitted. If the smoke damage restoration process is put off for too long, the fine layers of soot that have covered every surface may be hard to dissolve and remove.

The expense of a project such as this relies heavily on the amount of harm done. The more time that elapses between the fire and the restoration, the more expensive and extensive the project is likely to be. The best way to control harm and costs is to approach the problem immediately. The most accurate expense estimate can be figured out after an initial cleaning. The first step in smoke damage restoration is to clean the room in order to determine what the permanent damage is. Once that is identified, the process of remediation can begin. Someone with experience will know that the cleaning process has to be done from top to bottom. Ceilings are the first area that must be tended to, because the waves of hot air during the fire carry layer after layer of soot, sometimes acidic, to coat everything at every height.   

Another part of the process is to locate and remove the source of unpleasant odors to prevent resoiling of areas that are already clean. Lingering scents are handled with a counteractant, like a fog or gas that can go into all little nooks and cracks that smoke particles entered. When the counteractant meets with residue, it works to break it down.

In order to return a home or building to the previous conditions, hiring a professional is crucial. In order to do the best job, they should be a technician of Odor Control, Fabric and Upholstery Cleaning, Fire and Smoke Restoration, Carpet Repair and Reinstallation, Health and Safety, and Water Damage Restoration. Applied Structural Drying and knowledge of mold prevention are also useful.




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